Ireland company registration

Since 2003, Healy Consultants Group PLC has been efficiently and effectively assisting our Clients with i) Irish business registration ii) business licensing iii) Irish business banking solutions iv) visa options and staff recruitment strategies and v) tax planning solutions.

SummaryTax Resident LLCTax exempt LLCHolding companyIFSC LLCPLCLLPRepresentative office
Best use of company?All products and servicesAll products and servicesManage global subsidiariesFinancial servicesPublic listingProfessional servicesMarketing & research
How soon can you invoice Clients/sign sales contracts?2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks3 months2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks
How soon can you hire staff?2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks
How long to supply corporate bank account numbers?1 month1 month1 month1 month1 month1 month1 month
How long to supply company registration/tax numbers?2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks
Corporate tax rate on annual trading profits?12.5%0%12.5%12.5%12.5%0%0%
Corporate tax rate on annual non-trading profits?25%25%25%25%25%0%0%
Effective corporate tax rate on net profits of €500,000?4.5%0%0%4.5%4.5%0%0%
Limited liability entity?0%YesYesYesYesYesYesNo
Minimum paid up share capital? (EUR)1111250001None
Recommended paid-up capital?111Depends on License250001None
Corporate bank account location?Barclays IrelandUnicredit IrelandAIBSCB BankBank of IrelandUlster Bank IrelandHSBC
Can secure trade finance?YesYesYesYesYesYesNo
VAT payable on sales to local customers?up to 23%up to 23%up to 23%Noup to 23%up to 23%No sales allowed
Average total business set up engagement costs? (EUR)7,2556,2556,255TBC9,1058,1057,210
Average total engagement period?2 months2 months2 months2 months2 months2 months2 months

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Accounting and tax considerationsTax Resident LLCTax exempt LLCHolding companyIFSC LLCPLCLLPRepresentative office
Statutory corporate tax rate on annual trading profits?12.5%0%12.5%12.5%12.5%0%0%
Statutory corporate tax rate on annual non-trading profits?25%25%25%25%25%0%0%
Legally corporate tax exempt if properly structured? NoYesNoNoNoYesNo
Group HQ tax incentives?YesYesYesYesYesYesNo
Must file an annual tax return?YesYesYesYesYesNoYes
Must file annual audited reports?YesYesYesYesYesNoYes
Must appoint an auditor?NoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Access to double taxation treaties?YesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Company registrationTax Resident LLCTax exempt LLCHolding companyIFSC LLCPLCLLPRepresentative office
Minimum number of shareholders/partners?111172Parent company
Minimum statutory paid up share capital? (EUR)111125,0001None
Minimum number of directors/managers?1111221
Must sign an physical office lease agreement during incorporation?NoNoNoNoYesNoNo
Shelf companies available?YesYesYesYesNoNoNo
Time to incorporate a new entity?2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks2 weeks
Can easily convert to a PLC?YesYesYesYesYesNoNo
Can have preference shareholders/partners?YesYesYesYesYesYesNo
Business considerationsTax Resident LLCTax exempt LLCHolding companyIFSC LLCPLCLLPRepresentative office
Regulatory license usually required?NoNoNoYesNoNoNo
Good entity for trademark registration?YesYesYesYesYesYesNo
Can secure an import and export license?YesYesYesYesYesNoNo
Resident director/partner/manager/legal representative required?Yes
Sponsorship by a local citizen required?No
Our Client needs to travel to Ireland for business set up?No
Temporary physical office solutions available?Yes
You need a local resident as bank signatory?No
Can be wholly foreign owned?Yes
Resident director/partner/manager/legal rep. required?Yes
The entity will likely be regulated by?CRO
Foreign non resident director needs a residence visa?No
How soon can you sign a lease agreement?1 week
Withholding tax on payments to foreign shareholders?up to 20%
Monthly VAT reporting to the Government?Yes
Public register of shareholders and directors?Yes
Government approval required for foreign owners?Yes
Corporate documents to be attested/translated?No
Can bid for Government contracts?Yes
Each foreign director needs a personal income tax number?No
Foreign non resident director needs a residence visa?No
Maximum number of staff allowed?None
Maximum number of staff allowed?None
Can secure residence visa for business owner?Yes
Other useful information
What will be included in my customer sales invoice?Available template
This country has signed free trade agreements?72
This country is a member of WIPO/TRIPS?Yes
This country is a member of the ICSID?Yes
Average custom duties suffered?0.6%
Government foreign investment approval required?No
Maximum shareholding for foreigners?100%
Average monthly office rental? (EUR per sq m)50
Minimum statutory monthly salary? (EUR)1,376
Average monthly salary for local skilled employees? (EUR)2,500
Security deposit to be kept with Government?No
EUR deposit interest rate? (1 year average)0.25%
Overseas remittance currency controls?No
Banking considerations
Multi-currency bank accounts available?Yes
Corporate visa debit cards available?Yes
Quality of e-banking platform?Yes
Crowd funding available in this country?Yes

Advantages of Ireland business set up

Ireland business registration advantage

  1. Tax resident companies of all sizes enjoy the following tax incentives:
    • The corporation tax rate is 12,5%, the second lowest in the EEA after Bulgaria;
    • For the first 3 years of operations, the first €320,000 of annual net profits are legally tax exempt;
    • The annual corporation tax bill is reduced by the cost of R&D expenditure in that year; max 25%;
    • In the first year of business, trading profits are reduced by expenditure incurred in the three years prior to the commencement of a trade;
    • If the Irish LLC is properly structured, investment income is legally tax exempt including i) subsidiary dividends ii) interest and royalty and patent income and iii) foreign branch profits;
    • There is no withholding tax on outbound payments to treaty countries and EU countries; including dividends, interest and royalties;
    • Capital gains tax exemption on disposal of international subsidiaries;
    • Trading losses may be i) carried forward indefinitely against future trading profits ii) carried back for one year or iii) allocated within Group companies or iv) offset against capital gains tax liabilities;
    • Small and medium-sized companies are outside the scope of the transfer pricing provisions;
    • An Irish LLC is exempt of all VAT, if at least 75% of sales turnover arises from the export of goods;
    • Ireland boasts a double taxation treaty network comprising 72 countries;
    • An independent statutory audit exemption for small companies with annual sales turnover less than €8m;
    • An Irish LLC receives a cash grants of €10,000 for each staff member hired from the long term unemployed pool. Free re-training and re-skilling courses for these employees;
    • The remuneration of part-time employees is paid by the Irish Government, not the employer;
    • An Irish LLC receives an annual cash grant of €10,748 for each employee with a disability;
    • Business travellers can work in Ireland for two months without suffering income tax;
    • The Irish Tax Authorities welcome email and phone communication from business owners. Tax officers are helpful providing timely written advance tax rulings and clarifications re tax laws;
  2. Large multi-national companies establishing a subsidiary or headquarters in Ireland enjoy countless benefits including
    • An effective corporation tax rate of 0%, usually after Group relief;
    • Access to low cost Government owned industrial parks with purpose-built factories;
    • Access to low cost greenfield sites for industrial usage; investors can custom-build factories without the need for local planning permission;
    • Excellent Group relief incentives including i) exemption from filing consolidated tax returns ii) inter-company transfer of trading losses, excess management expenses and excess capital allowances;
    • Stamp duty relief is available for transfers arising from corporate reorganisations and reconstructions;
    • No ‘Controlled Foreign Company (CFC)’ and ‘Thin Capitalization rules’;
    • Limited transfer pricing legislation for large multi-national companies;
  3. Foreign employees relocating to Irish companies enjoy low Irish income tax because:
    • 30% of remuneration in excess of €75,000 is exempt from income tax;
    • No benefit-in-kind income tax on i) employee family flights home ii) annual school fees iii) employee accommodation and subsistence costs and iv) employee stock options;
    • Employees can secure personal income tax relief on investments of up to €150,000 per annum in qualifying companies;
    • An Irish LLC is allowed to offset R&D credits against the income tax of senior R&D employees;
    • Employees of an Irish LLC enjoy an annual income tax reduction of €14,000, if they spend at least 40 days per annum working in an emerging market;
  4. An Irish LLC is the optimum gateway to the EEA, the largest consumer market in the world. Specifically:
    • Ireland’s currency is the euro and is the only English speaking member of the EU;
    • Sale of goods to customers within the EU are VAT free, but VAT is payable in the other member state;
    • An Irish LLC enjoys customs duty-free importation of goods from other EU countries;
    • Irish employees can easily move within the European Union to work and live;
  5. Multi-national companies enjoy access to a large Irish pool of quality skilled labour because:
    • Labour cost per hour is €29, one of the lowest in EU. Employers are not legally required to provide their employees with pensions or other benefits such as health care;
    • Labour productivity per person is third highest in EU;
    • Ireland has the youngest population in Europe, 55% under the age of 35;
    • The young Irish workforce has shown a particular aptitude for the efficient collection, interpretation and dissemination of research information;
    • Currently, 1 million people are in full time education in Ireland. In 2016, approximately 48% of 25 – 34 year olds are third level qualified;
    • Approximately 520,000 Irish residents speak a foreign language including Polish, French, Lithuanian, German, Russian, Spanish and Romanian;
    • European Economic Area (EEA) nationals and Swiss nationals are allowed work in Ireland without a work permit or visa;
  6. Ireland is a technology hub in Europe because:
    • an Irish LLC who qualifies for the OECD compliant knowledge development box, only suffers corporation tax of 6.25%;
    • a rich source of highly skilled talent in science, technology and engineering;
    • Annual net profits enjoy an expense deduction for the cost of IP amortised over a 15 year period;
    • Ireland is the largest exporter of software in the world;
    • Ireland has a vibrant business angel and venture capital environment;
    • The Government offers a portfolio of Business & Technology Parks in strategic locations;
    • The close link between multi-national companies and Irish universities encourages leading-edge research
  7. Hedge funds are exempt from Irish corporation tax and capital gains tax. Consequently, over 40% of global hedge fund assets are serviced in Ireland; €1.9 trillion in assets are under administration in Ireland;
  8. An Irish company is legally tax exempt and classified as non-resident if i) no business is done in Ireland ii) if the majority of shareholders and directors reside overseas iii) the entity neither has staff nor premises nor a corporate bank account in Ireland;
  9. An international tax haven company is allowed to migrate the entity to Ireland. This is attractive to Clients’ who wish to abandon the use of tax haven companies, choosing instead to trade through reputable zero tax entities like an Irish LLC. For example, a BVI entity can elect to be an Irish resident or non-resident Irish company, keeping the same name and international corporate bank account. The BVI LLC will thereafter no longer exist;

Disadvantages to Irish business set up

  1. An Irish LLC suffers Irish VAT on imported goods and services, ranging from 0% to 23%. Goods imported into Ireland from outside the EU suffer customs duties;
  2. An Irish LLC suffers 25% corporation tax on annual net profits arising from passive income including i) local rents ii) local investment income or iii) income from oil, gas and mineral exploitations. A properly structured Irish LLC receiving international investment income enjoys the lower rate of 12.5%;
  3. The employer employee relationship is complicated by:
    • An 11% mandatory Government employer PRSI contribution;
    • The existence of powerful industrial Unions;
    • The obligation to pay compensation to employees dismissed for reasons of redundancy;
    • Employees frequently force employers to attend Employment Appeals Tribunals re unfair dismissals;
    • Female employees are entitled to 42 week’s unpaid maternity leave;
    • In addition to income tax, employees of Irish companies suffer a punitive unpopular Universal Social Charge of 7% of gross remuneration;
  4. A small tax resident Irish LLC suffers a surcharge of 20% on the undistributed investment and rental income. Professional services companies suffer a surcharge of 7.5% on undistributed trading income. Healy Consultants helps our Client legally eliminate this tax;
  5. Unfortunately, Irish parent and subsidiary companies must submit annual financial statements to independent statutory audit; regardless of sales income levels;

Tax considerations


  1. VAT registration is necessary if annual sales will likely exceed €75,000 in respect of supplying goods and €37,500 in respect of supplying services;
  2. VAT rates range from 0% to 23% depending on the type of product or service;
  3. An Irish LLC is allowed to register for VAT if it makes taxable supplies;
  4. Corporation tax

  5. Irish resident companies are liable to corporation tax on their worldwide income and capital gains;
  6. In cases where the company is resident in a country that has concluded a tax treaty with Ireland, liability to corporate
    tax will depend on whether the company carries on a trade in Ireland through a permanent establishment (PE).
  7. An Irish LLC corporation tax bill is reduced by foreign tax paid on the same income. Excess foreign tax credits can i) be carried back to the previous years or ii) claim a cash payment from the Government or iii) offset against payroll taxes;
  8. Capital expenditure for the purchase or acquisition of patent rights may be written off in equal amounts over 17 years or the remaining life of the patent, whichever is shorter.
  9. An Irish LLC must file a corporation tax return within 10 months of the accounting year end;
  10. A tax credit of 25% of the incremental R&D expenditure can be offset against a company’ corporation tax liability in the year in which it is incurred. Any remaining excess can be carried forward indefinitely for use against future corporation tax liabilities;
  11. A tax credit is also available for construction or refurbishment work carried out on a building used for qualifying research and development activities. The credit is equivalent to 25% of the qualifying cost of construction or refurbishment and may be claimed in full in the year in which the expenditure is incurred. This additional tax benefit makes Ireland a more
  12. Ireland’s tax legislation incorporates an exemption for income derived from ‘qualifying patents’. A qualifying patent is a patent in respect of which the research, planning, processing, experimenting, testing, devising, designing, developing or other similar activity leading to an invention was carried out in Ireland;
  13. An Irish LLC patent income is exempt from corporation tax. In addition, the tax-free nature of such income can be passed through a company to the shareholders who receive dividends from a company that qualified for the patent income exemption;
  14. International dividends income is free of Irish corporation tax if i) the foreign subsidiary is tax resident in the EU or ii) a Treaty Country and iii) the dividends are paid out of ‘trading’ profits of the foreign subsidiary which iv) suffered at least 13% foreign corporation tax or withholding tax;
  15. For companies with a tax liability not exceeding EUR 200,000 in their previous accounting period, preliminary tax of 100% of the prior year liability or 90% of the current year liability is payable on 21st of the month preceding the accounting year end. The balance of the tax is payable on the date the return is due to be filed;
  16. For companies with a tax liability exceeding EUR 200,000, the first instalment will be payable on 21st day of the sixth month of the accounting period and the amount payable will be 50% of the corporation tax liability for the preceding accounting period or 45% of the corporation tax liability for the current accounting period. The second instalment will be payable on the 21st day of the 11th month of the accounting period and the amount payable will bring the total preliminary tax paid to 90% of the corporation tax liability for the current accounting period. The balance of the tax is payable on the date the return is due to be filed.
  17. Other tax considerations

  18. Ireland does not have capital duty or net wealth taxes;
  19. An Irish LLC suffers 33% capital gains tax on gains arising from the disposal of capital assets;
  20. Stamp duty of 1% applies on the transfer of common stock of an Irish company. Transfers of most other forms of property suffer duty of 2%;
  21. To promote renewable energy sources, an Irish LLC suffers a carbon tax rate is €20 per tonne of CO2 emitted and is added to the cost of fuel;

Accounting considerations

  1. Group companies include i) entities in Ireland and in EU member states ii) entities in a treaty country and iii) a company quoted and traded on a recognised stock exchange. Group relief applies to subsidiaries at least 75% owned;
  2. Small companies are exempt from having financial statements audited. To qualify for the exemption a company must have:
    • A turnover of less than EUR 7,300,000; and
    • A balance sheet total of less than EUR 3,650,000 and
    • An average number of employees fewer than 50.
  3. This small company audit exemption does not apply to:
    • Parent companies and their subsidiaries
    • Banks and financial institutions
    • Insurance companies
    • Financial intermediaries
    • Any company that files a late annual return.

Legal and compliance considerations

  1. As a common law jurisdiction, the Irish legal system is similar to that of the US and the UK;
  2. Intellectual property (IP) is often a company’s most valuable asset. The intangible asset must continue to be used in a trade for 10 years to avoid triggering a clawback of the relief obtained. It comprises:
    • patent, registered design, design right or invention;
    • copyright;
    • trade mark, trade name or trade dress;
    • brand or brand name;
    • domain name, service mark or publishing title;
    • know-how;
    • authorisations to sell medicines, etc.
    • customer lists , except where acquired as part of the transfer of a business as a going concern;
    • certain software;

  3. any licence in respect of, and any goodwill attributable to, the above;
  4. costs associated with applications for certain legal protection.
  5. Ireland is also a member of the OECD.
  6. Ireland is a signatory to the European Patent Convention (EPC) and the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT). Applications for a European patent can be filed at the Irish Patents Office and all or any of the 36 member countries of the EPC may be designated in a European patent application. A PCT application designating Ireland is deemed to be an application for a European patent for Ireland and will be processed in accordance with the EPC.
  7. The executive powers of a company remain with the directors. They are responsible for the day-to-day running of the company and must act in the best interests of the company and shareholders. The duties of directors are widespread. On appointment, a director must acknowledge that he/she performs the legal duties and obligations imposed not only by the Companies Acts but also all other enactments, including common law. A company must have at least two directors (there is no maximum).
  8. R&D means
    • Basic research, namely experimental or theoretical;
    • Work undertaken primarily to acquire new scientific or technical knowledge without a specific practical application in view;
    • Applied research, namely work undertaken in order to gain scientific or technical knowledge and directed towards a specific practical application;
    • Experimental development, namely work undertaken which draws on scientific or technical knowledge or practical experience for the purpose of achieving technological advancement and which is directed at producing new, or improving existing materials, products, devices, processes, systems or services including incremental improvements thereto. In order to qualify for the tax credit, it is necessary to seek to achieve scientific or technical advancement and to involve the resolution of scientific or technological uncertainty.

  9. Ireland has established a Labour Relations Commission (LRC) and Labour Court to assist in finding resolutions to labour related disputes in an effective and efficient manner.
  10. The maximum average work week is 48 hours, but some exceptions are allowed. Although the legal maximum for basic pay is a 48-hour week, generally the standard working week in collective agreements is 39 hours. Collective agreements can also provide for rates of pay for overtime; for example, the current registered employment agreement for the construction industry provides for overtime rates of pay of time-and-a-half until midnight Monday to Friday and double time thereafter.

Did you know about Ireland?

  1. The Irish Government is very welcoming of multi-national companies because
    • Almost 1,500 companies have chosen the country as their base to do business, not just those from throughout Europe, but worldwide.
    • Overseas companies located in Ireland at present account for approximately 88% of all Irish exports.

Contact us

For additional information on our business registration services in Ireland, please email us at Alternatively please contact our in-house country expert, Mr. Petar Chakarov, directly:
client relationship officer - Petar
Ireland department of foreign affairs and trade Dublin chamber of commerce Central bank of Ireland Chambers Ireland - in business for business Chartered accountants Ireland Ireland companies registration office IFSC Ireland Immigrant council of Ireland Irish naturalisation and immigration service - department of justice and equality Inter trade Ireland - cross border business development and business support Ireland department of finance