Business entities in Norway

Business entities in Norway

Healy Consultants will assist our Clients with establishing the optimal corporate structure for their business activities in Norway. There are several ways of doing business in Norway, the most common being to set up an LLC. Our Clients intending to finance their business by issuing shares and/or listing on a stock exchange will also be interested to read about how to set up a Norwegian PLC. Alternatively, foreign companies can also set up a branch office or a representative office.

The Norway limited liability company (AS)

    Norway business entity setup process and requirements
  • The Norwegian limited liability company (LLC) is commonly used to setup a small and medium businesses. Multi-national businesses often use the AS company when they want to set up a Norwegian subsidiary.
  • This type of Norwegian company is available to both our individual and corporate Clients, who will be required to contribute a minimum of NOK30,000 (€3,100) in share capital. Our Clients must also appoint a minimum of two directors, at least one of whom must be ordinarily resident in Norway of another country of the European Economic Area;
  • Like other Norwegian companies, all Norway LLCs are required to appoint a statutory auditor at incorporation and submit audited annual financial statements. Norwegian company law requires that companies i) have at least 1 director designated by the employees if there are more than 30 employees and ii) have both genders represented on the company’s board if more than 50 people are employed.

The Norwegian public limited company (ASA)

  • The Norway public limited company (PLC) can be incorporated by a single shareholder, who may be of any nationality and residence. In accordance with Norwegian regulations, our Clients are required to i) contribute at least €110,000 (NOK 1 million) to their company’s capital and ii) appoint at least 3 directors, at least 2 of whom must be ordinarily resident in Norway;
  • All Norway PLCs are required to appoint a statutory auditor at incorporation and submit audited annual financial statements. As noted for the AS company above, Norwegian company law requires that companies i) have at least 1 director designated by the employees if there are more than 30 employees and ii) have both genders represented on the company’s board if more than 50 people are employed.

European stock corporation (Societas Europaea)

Two EEA-based companies may choose to merge as a European Stock Corporation. A minimum paid-up share capital of at least €120,000 will be required. The main advantage of this type of company is that our Clients will be exempted from setting up a complex network of subsidiaries under different national laws.

The Norway branch

Corporate law in Norway allows foreign companies to set up branch offices in Norway. The scope of operations for the branch will be defined by the parent company but the branch office will have an independent management team, including one resident representative in Norway. Branches must also submit audited annual financial statements.

Table of comparison between Norway entities

 LLCPLCBranch
Also known as:ASSASBranch
How long to set the company up?5 weeks5 weeks7 weeks
How long to open company bank account?4 weeks4 weeks4 weeks
Legal liability?LimitedLimitedUnlimited
Wholly foreign owned?YesYesYes
Minimum paid-up share capital?€3,000€110,000N/A
File annual tax return?YesYesYes
Corporate bank account?Norges BankCitibankBNP Paribas
Does our Client need to travel?NoNoNo
Resident director or representative required?YesYesYes
Resident shareholder required?NoNoNo
Minimum directors allowed?231
Minimum shareholders?111
Corporate shareholders allowed?YesYesYes
Norway corporate tax rate?27%27%27%
Annual financial statements required?YesYesYes
Statutory audit required?YesYesYes
Allowed to issue sales invoices?YesYesYes
Allowed to sign contracts?YesYesYes
Allowed to import and export goods?YesYesYes
Can rent an office in Norway?YesYesYes
Can buy Norway property?YesYesYes
Can own equity in other Norway companies?YesYesYes
Total Norway business setup costs in Yr. 1€10,175€10,175€11,850
Subsequent annual costs (incl. accounting and tax fee)€3,400€6,050€3,400
Sample engagement fee invoiceNorway LLC setup costNorway PLC setup costNorway branch setup cost

Frequently asked questions

Contact us

For additional information on our business setup services in Norway, please email us at email@healyconsultants.com. Alternatively please contact our in-house country expert, Mr. Seth Ochieng, directly:
regjeringen chamber foreign bank visitnorway