Business entities in Cambodia in 2023

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Healy Consultants will assist our Clients with incorporating the optimal Cambodia business entity for their business needs. Foreign investors willing to start a company in Cambodia are currently usually setting up limited liability companies as public limited companies can only be used to establish a bank or a financial institution. Alternatively, foreign corporations can also register a branch in Cambodia, or a representative office if they only want to conduct noncommercial operations.

The Cambodia limited liability company (private limited company)

  • Establishing a Cambodia private limited company can be done with only i) a paid up capital of at least US$1,000 (KHR4 million) ii) two shareholders and iii) one director, who all can be foreigners and do not need to be ordinarily residing in the country before or after Cambodia company setup. The authorities can however request higher capital requirements for complex project and selected industries;
  • The Cambodia LLC will also need to have i) a corporate bank account in the country, on which the paid-up capital must be deposited prior to Cambodia business setup ii) real office space and a registered agent as well as iii) a local name in Khmer language. Healy Consultants will assist our Clients to comply with these three requirements;
  • After incorporation, all Cambodia LLC must file annual returns and annual tax returns and register for VAT. Although there are no clear-cut rules in Cambodia regarding audit requirements, small businesses are usually exempted.

The Cambodia joint-stock corporation (public limited company)

  • Formation of a Cambodia JSC follows procedures similar to those applicable to Cambodia company setup. The main differences between these types of business entities are the Cambodia PLC can freely trade in shares and may have more than 30 shareholders;
  • Only banks, financial institutions and companies listed on the Phnom Penh Stock Exchange are currently allowed to be setup as PLCs. Kindly note that only two corporations have been listed on the local stock exchange since its creation in 2010.

The Cambodia branch

In accordance with Cambodia Law on Commercial Enterprises, foreign companies can open a branch office in Cambodia to do business in the country and/or run productive operations, provided they appoint a representative. Branches must have the same name as their foreign company.

The Cambodia representative office

In accordance with Cambodia Law on Commercial Enterprises, foreign companies can also open a representative office in Cambodia. Representative offices must have the same name as their foreign company and cannot conduct neither productive nor commercial operations.

Table of comparison between different Cambodia entities

LLCJoint VenturePLCBranch OfficeRep Office
How long to set the company up?8 weeks10 weeks8 weeks8 weeks4 weeks
How long to open company bank account?4 weeks4 weeks4 weeks4 weeks4 weeks
Issued share capital requiredUS$1,000US$1,000US$1,000NoNo
Allowed to sign sales contracts with local ClientsYesYesYesYesNo
Allowed to invoice Cambodia ClientsYesYesYesYesNo
Corporate tax payable in Cambodia20%20%20%20%No
Corporate Bank AccountAcleda bankAcleda bankCathay United Bank (CUBC)BOC in CambodiaANZ Royal Bank in Cambodia
Must rent office premises in CambodiaYesYesYesYesYes
Allowed to import raw materials?YesYesYesYesNo
Allows exporting goods?YesYesYesYesNo
Can the entity hire expatriate staff in Cambodia?YesYesYesYesYes
Do you visit Cambodia for company incorporation?NoNoNoNoNo
Resident director required?NoNoNoNoNo
Resident shareholder required?NoNoNoNoNo
National shareholder required?NoYesNoNoNo
Minimum number of directors11311
Minimum number of shareholders222NoNo
Resident company secretary required?YesNoNoNoNo
Legal representative required?YesYesYesYesYes
Tax registration certificate requiredYesYesYesYesYes
Individual shareholders allowedYesYesNoYesYes
Corporate shareholders allowedYesYesYesYesYes
Corporate director(s) allowedNoNoNoNoNo
Public register of shareholders and directorsYesYesYesYesYes
How long to get work permit approved3-6 months3-6 months3-6 months3-6 months3-6 months
Statutory audit requiredYesYesYesYesYes
Annual tax return to be submittedYesYesYesYesYes
Access to DTAYesYesYesYesNA
Estimate of engagement costsUS$7,960US$7,960US$7,960US$9,460US$9,460
Total Cambodia business setup costs in year 1US$16,135US$21,285US$13,185US$14,685US$14,685
Subsequent annual costs (incl. accounting and tax fee)US$2,300US$7,000US$2,800US$2,550US$2,550
Sample Engagement InvoiceView invoice PDFView invoice PDFView invoice PDFView invoice PDFView invoice PDF

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Frequently asked questions

Contact us

For additional information on our business setup services in Cambodia, please contact our in-house country expert, Mr. Simon Guidecoq, directly:
client relationship officer - Simon