Business entities in Laos
Healy Consultants will assist our Clients with to select the optimal corporate structure for their business needs in Laos. There are several ways of starting business in Laos, the formation of a Laotian limited liability company being the most common one. Foreign entrepreneurs may also opt to set up a public limited company if they need to raise capital to finance their investment project in Laos. Alternatively, foreign companies can also incorporate a branch office or a representative office.
The Laos limited liability company (LLC)
- This business entity is commonly used by entrepreneurs to setup an SME in Laos. An LLC must appoint at least 1 director and 1 shareholder who can be of any nationality. While the minimum capital is only US$650 for locally owned company, foreign-invested entities are required to have a paid-up capital of at least US$125,000;
- To a lesser extent than its neighbors Vietnam and Thailand, some industries in Laos are additionallyrestricted or closed to foreign investment. They include fisheries, construction and most of the accommodation and restauration sector. Healy Consultants can assist our Clients to ascertain the exact requirements applicable to their planned activities and provide legal turnaround solutions to thereafter assist them to start their business in Laos;
- Laos companies with an issued capital over US$620,000 must appoint an auditor and a board of directors. An LLC must also have reserve equivalent to 10% of its annual net profits.
The Laos public limited company (PLC)
If locally owned, this business entity requires a minimum capital of US$6,100 for Laos business registration. If foreigners also hold shares in the business, the minimum paid up capital then rises to US$125,000. Furthermore, at least 7 shareholders, 3 directors and 1 worker representative must always be appointed.
The Laos branch
The scope of operations for this entity will be defined by the parent company. Also, the branch office will have an independent management team and corporate bank account based in Laos. Branches of foreign companies in Laos may only be incorporated within specific sectors which include i) airline companies ii) financial institutions iii) foreign banks and iv) insurance.
The Laos representative office
This type of business entity is not allowed to make direct sales with Laos. Consequently, this entity can only engage in i) market research and ii) promoting the business of the parent company. It can however be attractive for a first business venture in Laos.
Table of comparison between Laos entities
|How long to set the company up?||7 weeks||7 weeks||10 weeks||10 weeks|
|How long to open company bank account?||4 weeks||4 weeks||4 weeks||4 weeks|
|Wholly foreign owned?||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Minimum paid - up share capital for foreigners?||US$125,000||US$125,000||N/A||N/A|
|File annual tax return?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Tax registration certificate required?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Recommended corporate bank account?||ANZ||Banque Pour Le Commerce Exterieur Lao Public||ACLEDA Bank Lao||International Commercial Bank Lao Ltd|
|Does our Client need to travel?||No||No||No||No|
|Resident director required?||No||No||No||No|
|Laotian shareholder required?||No||No||No||No|
|Minimum directors allowed?||1||3||1||1|
|Tax identification code needed?||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Laos resident company secretary required?||No||No||No||No|
|Corporate shareholders allowed?||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Corporate director(s) allowed?||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Statutory audit always required?||No||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Laos corporate tax rate?||24%||24%||24%||N/A|
|Annual financial statements required?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Regulated by?||Ministry of Planning and Investment||Ministry of Planning and Investment||Ministry of Planning and Investment||Ministry of Planning and Investment|
|Allowed to issue sales invoices?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Allowed to sign contracts?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Allowed to import and export goods?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Can rent an office space in Laos?||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Can buy Laos property?||Yes||Yes||Yes||No|
|Total Laos business setup costs in yr. 1?||US$18,750||US$24,050||US$26,050||US$25,050|
|Subsequent annual costs (incl. accounting and tax fee)?||US$5,250||US$5,250||US$5,250||US$5,250|
|Sample engagement invoice?|