Interesting facts about UK?
- At its height, the British Empire ruled over 458 million people, around 1/5 of the world’s population. Its territories covered more than 33.7 million square kilometers across the globe;
- The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. Fifteen other independent Commonwealth countries also recognize the Queen as head of state;
- There are three legal jurisdictions in the UK: i) England & Wales ii) Scotland and iii) Northern Ireland. Healy Consultants can assist with business setup and licensing in each of the three UK jurisdictions;
- Around 9 of its 63 million citizens are non-white British. The ethnicity of the UK’s citizens is diverse, with people from Africa, the Caribbean, South Asia, and other former colonies. Over 25% of London’s population was born abroad;
- The UK has the world’s seventh largest economy by nominal GDP and the eighth largest by PPP. Despite no longer having an empire, it is still considered a great power and retains considerable influence internationally;
- The United Kingdom has been settled by a number of different tribes and peoples over the centuries. Celtic, Brythonic, and Gaelic peoples were present when the Romans arrived in 43 AD After the Romans came Germanic Anglo-Saxons, and later the Normans;
- The kingdom of Great Britain was created by the Acts of Union in 1707. The kingdom included England and Scotland, and in 1801, Ireland. Only Northern Ireland remains in the kingdom, following the country’s partitioning in 1922;
- Scotland, North Ireland, and Wales each have their own devolved governments. Scotland has its own parliament which holds wide ranging powers over a variety of domestic issues, while Northern Ireland has the Executive and Assembly. Wales, on the other hand, has a National Assembly with limited powers;
- England and Scotland were the leading centers of the Scientific Revolution from the 17th century. The United Kingdom subsequently led the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century, and was home to many of the most important scientists and engineers of that time.