The UK has the world’s fifth largest economy by nominal GDP. Despite no longer having a maritime empire, it is still considered a great power and retains considerable influence internationally.
The climate of England can be classified as temperate maritime and it has mild summers and winters;
By land, the UK covers about 243,610 sq km and is ranked as the 80th largest country in the world;
England is separated from France and continental Europe by a 34-km channel at its closest point;
The Channel Tunnel connecting England and Europe is the longest undersea tunnel in the world.
Society and politics
The ethnicity of the UK’s citizens is diverse, with people from Africa, the Caribbean, South Asia, and other former colonies. Over 25% of London’s population was born abroad;
There are three legal jurisdictions in the UK: i) England & Wales, ii) Scotland and iii) Northern Ireland;
Scotland, North Ireland, and Wales each have their own devolved governments. Scotland has its own parliament, while Northern Ireland has the Executive and Assembly;
England and Scotland were the leading centres of the Scientific and Industrial Revolution from the 17th century and in the 18th century, and was home to many of the most important scientists and engineers of that time.
UK’s population has been rapidly growing and reached 65.1 million people in 2015.
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